Basic Definitions: Grammar

What is a noun?Ok. I will tell you now….a word (other than a pronoun) used to identify any of a class of people, places, or things ( common noun ), or to name a particular one of these ( proper noun ).
What is a verb?Ok. I will tell you now. It is a word used to describe an action, state, or occurrence, and forming the main part of the predicate of a sentence, such as hear, become, happen.
What is an adjective?Easy. I will tell you now….a word or phrase naming an attribute, added to or grammatically related to a noun to modify or describe it.
What is an adverb?Ok. I will tell you now.,….a word or phrase that modifies or qualifies an adjective, verb, or other adverb or a word group, expressing a relation of place, time, circumstance, manner, cause, degree, etc. (e.g., gently, quite, then, there ).
What is a preposition?A piece of cake. I will tell you now….a word governing, and usually preceding, a noun or pronoun and expressing a relation to another word or element in the clause, as in “the man on the platform,” “she arrived after dinner,” “what did you do it for ?”.
What is a conjunction?Ok. I will tell you now… is a word used to connect clauses or sentences or to coordinate words in the same clause (e.g. and, but, if ).
What is a sentence?Ok. I will tell you now.,…a set of words that is complete in itself, typically containing a subject and predicate, conveying a statement, question, exclamation, or command, and consisting of a main clause and sometimes one or more subordinate clauses.
What is a phrase?Ok. I will tell you now….a small group of words standing together as a conceptual unit, typically forming a component of a clause.
What is a clause?Ok. I will tell you now….a unit of grammatical organization next below the sentence in rank and in traditional grammar said to consist of a subject and predicate.
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